Haiti occupies the western third of the Caribbean island of Hispaniola. It shares a border with the Dominican Republic and is situated some 700 miles from the coast of Miami.
The region was originally inhabited by the indigenous Taíno people. Spain first discovered the island on 5 December 1492 during the first voyage of Christopher Columbus across the Atlantic. Although the island was originally claimed by Spain, competing claims by France resulted in the Weston portion of the Island becoming French. The sugar cane farming, mostly done by Slave labour resulted in the colony becoming very lucrative.
Heiti was established as a sovereign nation on 1st Jan 1804 following a revolt by the slaves and people of colour against the French.